Cluster frontline demonstration (CFLDs) are demonstrated for the production potential of newly released technologies on the farmer’s fields at a different location in a given farming system and organized farming and extension activities for farmer and extension workers for the dissemination of various technologies. The  CFLD on Pulses programme during Kharif 2018, pigeon pea, black gram, green gram were taken up for demonstration as per the communication received from DAC & FW. Altogether 1040 ha were allotted for kharif pulses out of which 1025 ha could be finally brought under demonstration programme in Odisha and West Bengal. A total of 2562 demonstrations were conducted to cover 1025 ha area in these two states. The varieties like PRG 176 (Ujwala), UPAS 120 were in pigeon pea, PU 31, WBU 109, OBG 17(Ujala) in black gram and IPM -02-03, IPM-02-14, SML-668, Sukumar in green gram was demonstration in 2018-19. Recent technologies like to seed treatment, line sowing, integrated nutrient management, micronutrients like Zn & S application, use of herbicide, integrated pest management were demonstrated in farmers’ field for these demonstrations. Performance analysis of individual pulse crop indicates that in pigeon pea resulted 47.59 per cent increase in average yield increase in Odisha and 44.43 per cent in West Bengal. In West Bengal, black gram was covered in large area of 360 ha because of its popularity.  Increase in average yield of black gram in West Bengal was 33.8 per cent. The average increase of demonstrated yield of black gram was of 22 per cent Odisha. In green gram, the average increase in demonstration yield was 33.82 % in West Bengal whereas was 38.38 per cent in Odisha. The details are given in table below

Table:     Cluster Frontline Demonstration on Kharif Pulses during 2018-19

Sl.no

Crops

State

Target of FLD Approved

Acheivement of FLD

Average
 yield (q/ha)

Yield
 increase %

Difference of yield between demo & local (q/ha)

No. of
Demo

Area
(ha)

No. of Demo

Area
 (ha)

Demo

Local

1

Pigeon
 pea

Odisha

875

350

875

350

12.87

8.73

47.59

4.14

West Bengal

150

60

150

60

10.52

7.27

44.43

3.25

2

Black
 gram

Odisha

500

200

500

200

6.54

5.37

21.84

1.17

West Bengal

900

360

900

360

9.46

7.14

33.80

2.32

3

Green
gram

Odisha

75

30

75

30

6.88

5.05

38.38

1.83

West Bengal

100

40

62

25

9.03

7.09

33.82

1.94

Total kharif season

2600

1040

2562

1025

 

 

 

 

 

Lentil, chick pea, field pea, green gram and black gram are major rabi pulses crop demonstrated under clustered frontline demonstration programme in rabi 2018-19, by KVKs of Odisha and West Bengal to cover an area of 1723 ha. However, lentil was demonstrated only in West Bengal in 443 ha which result 27.38 per cent increase in average yield. The average yield was affected by heavy rainfall in South & North 24 Parganas. Lentil varieties like WBL 77, IPL 406, Pant Lentil 8, HUL 57 was demonstrated in West Bengal to achieve higher yield.  In chick pea, the KVKs of Odisha recorded an increase in yield to the extent of 27.38 per cent in 90 ha demonstration. The increase in average yield was against 41.86 per cent in West Bengal in 120 ha demonstration in chick pea. The latest varieties like NBeG3 are demonstrated in Odisha and JAKI 9218, Subhra & Bidisha in West Bengal. Technologies like seed treatment, foliar spray of micronutrients and adoption of integrated pest management proved beneficial for augmenting the yield.   In field pea, the area covered in demonstration was 60 ha & 100 ha by KVKs Odisha and West Bengal. The increase in average yield of demonstration was 48-49 % in these two states. In Odisha, a large area of 670 ha was allotted under rabi green gram. The result of demonstration in green gram show that 38.04 per cent increase in average yield. The black gram was demonstrated in 210 ha in Odisha in rabi season .These demonstration indicated the yield of black gram covered be improved by 28.57 per cent over the existing practices. The black gram varieties PU 31, Prasad and Ujjal were most promising in this demonstration. Horse gram demonstration was conducted in an area of 30 ha in   Odisha with increase in average yield of 41.66 per cent. The details are given in table below

Table      : Cluster Frontline Demonstration on Rabi Pulses during 2018-19

Sl.no

Crops

State

Target of FLD Approved

Acheivement of FLD

Average yield (q/ha)

Yield
 increase
%

Difference of yield between demo & local (q/ha)

No. of Demo

Area
(ha)

No. of Demo

Area
 (ha)

Demo

Local

1

Lentil

West Bengal

1809

443

1809

443

11.07

8.69

27.38

2.38

2

Chick pea

Odisha

225

90

225

90

11.07

8.69

27.38

2.38

West Bengal

300

120

300

120

13.86

9.77

41.86

4.09

3

Field pea

Odisha

150

60

150

60

14.5

9.75

48.72

4.75

West Bengal

250

100

250

100

14.25

9.56

49.05

4.70

4

Green gram

Odisha

1675

670

1675

670

7.33

5.31

38.04

2.02

5

Black gram

Odisha

525

210

525

210

6.75

5.25

28.57

1.51

6

Horse gram

Odisha

75

30

75

30

5.61

3.96

41.66

1.65

Total rabi season

4307

1723

5009

1723

 

 

 

 

 

In summer season, green gram is main pulse crop grown in Odisha and West Bengal. A total area of 430 ha (150 ha in Odisha and 280 ha in West Bengal) were covered by these two states in summer season. The summer green gram demonstrated yield in West Bengal is 10.67q/ha where as in Odisha it is 5.7 q/ha. The increase in per cent of yield is 32.87 and 34.1 respectively.

Table      : Cluster Frontline Demonstration on Summer Pulses during 2018-19

 

Sl.no

Crops

State

Target of FLD Approved

Acheivement of FLD

Average
yield (q/ha)

Yield
 increase %

Difference of yield between demo & local (q/ha)

No. of Demo

Area
(ha)

No. of Demo

Area
 (ha)

Demo

Local

1

Green gram

Odisha

375

150

375

150

5.65

4.15

34.06

1.50

West Bengal

800

320

700

280

10.67

8.09

31.89

2.58

Total summer season

1075

470

1075

430

       

 

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